We all love our garden. To make it look beautiful and attractive, we give it the best care and nourishment. Using the right fertilizer and manure helps not just with the growth of the plants but also, they help keep the soil healthy and well nourished. Speaking of soil nutrition and fertilizers, there are many ingredients that can be used as effective fertilizer.
What is fertilizer?
Fertilizer is an organic or inorganic material made out of natural or artificial materials, which increase the potential of the soil and the plants when sprinkled or sprayed in limited quantities. The three most important ingredients of the soil that help a plant’s growth are potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. Without equal quantities of these elements, the plants do not grow well and get the nourishment they require. Naturally, the plants obtain these nutrients from the dead decay of other plants. However, when soil does not have the potential to generate these ingredients, synthetic fertilization is done as a substitute.
Organic Fertilizer Vs Inorganic Fertilizer
There has always been a debate between people who use organic and people who use inorganic fertilizers to enhance the growth of plants. Although there are few advantages and disadvantages to using them, one has to understand the purpose of the fertilizers in depth. Organic fertilizers are obtained from natural substances such as manure, fish emulsion, vegetable waste, cottonseed meal and more. These materials consist of the 3 basic elements – nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, which contain high quantities of microbes and thus help in releasing energy from the soil to the plants. One of the most remarkable features of organic fertilizer is that it releases nutrients gradually. It is less expensive than the inorganic fertilizers and can be used in any type of soil.
Chemical fertilizers or inorganic fertilizers are derived from synthetic and manmade materials. Though they gear up the nutrient release, they can harm the soil and diminish its quality over time. Inorganic fertilizers contain acids and chemicals, which destroy the nitrogen emitting bacteria in the soil in a short period of time. However, this does not mean that inorganic fertilizers must not be used at all. They can be used when soil requires instant nutrients and immediate attention.
Usage of Fertilizers
Periodical fertilization is the best way to maintain the fertility of the soil. Farmers growing different plants in their fields use different fertilization methods based on the plants they grow, while homeowners use different types of fertilizer for potted plants and lawns. They are a kind of medication for the plants, so they have to be used in the right quantities at the right times. Even though they release nutrients slowly, you cannot use them frequently or in huge quantities, as they can hamper the growth of greenery and destroy the natural immunity of soil.